Food & Nutrition

Calcium Deficiency Disease(hypocalcemia): Symptoms, and Cure

What is Calcium Deficiency Disease?

Calcium deficiency disease, also known as hypocalcemia or rickets, is a condition in which the body does not receive enough calcium. Calcium is an essential mineral required for many functions of the body including healthy bones, teeth, and muscle function.

Without an adequate amount of calcium, the body cannot perform optimally. A person with calcium deficiency disease may experience symptoms such as fatigue, muscle cramps, brittle bones, and poor growth. Additionally, calcium deficiency can lead to an increased risk of fracture due to weakened bones.

Calcium Deficiency Disease(hypocalcemia)

What happens when calcium is low in the body?

When calcium levels are low, the body may respond in a variety of ways. These responses can range from mild symptoms such as fatigue and muscle cramps to more serious problems such as osteoporosis and convulsions. If left untreated, these situations can become life-threatening.

Commonly, a person with low calcium levels may experience loss of appetite, constipation, tingling sensations in their hands and feet, depression, and anxiety. In addition, the bones may become brittle or weak as a result of inadequate calcium absorption.

Low calcium levels may also lead to an increased risk for heart disease as well as kidney stones. It is therefore important to monitor your calcium levels regularly and consult with your doctor if you suspect that your levels are too low.

Who is mostly affected by Calcium Deficiency Disease?

Calcium deficiency disease, also known as hypocalcemia or low calcium levels, affects people of all ages and races. However, it is most commonly seen in pregnant women, older adults, those with malabsorption issues (e.g., celiac disease), and those taking certain medications (e.g., anticonvulsants).

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Other risk factors for developing a calcium deficiency include inadequate dietary consumption of calcium or vitamin D, kidney failure, endocrine disorders such as parathyroid hormone deficiencies or hyperthyroidism, and the use of diuretics or corticosteroids.

Cause of Calcium Deficiency Disease

Calcium deficiency diseases can be caused by a variety of different factors, many of which are out of our control. The 6 main causes of calcium deficiency diseases include:

Genetic defects

Some people are born with genetic disorders that impair calcium absorption in the gut or cause increased calcium excretion from the kidneys.

Lack of Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium from food sources and is necessary for strong bones and teeth. Without adequate vitamin D, calcium cannot be properly absorbed by the body, leading to calcium deficiency diseases.

Poor Diet

Eating foods that contain inadequate calcium or have high levels of calcium antagonists such as sodium or phosphorus can contribute to calcium deficiency diseases.

Poor nutrition

Eating too few calcium-rich foods like dairy products, green leafy vegetables, legumes, and nuts can lead to calcium deficiencies.

Poor calcium intake

Eating calcium-rich foods and following a balanced diet is essential for calcium absorption, but many people don’t get enough calcium in their diets. This can lead to calcium deficiency diseases such as osteoporosis and rickets.

Increased calcium demands

During pregnancy, breastfeeding, or times of growth and development, your body may require more calcium than it usually needs. A lack of dietary calcium at this time can cause calcium deficiency diseases.

Calcium Deficiency Disease(hypocalcemia)

Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency Disease

Calcium deficiency disease, also known as hypocalcemia, can have a variety of symptoms. The most common calcium deficiency symptoms are:

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Other serious calcium deficiency disease symptoms include seizures, spasms of the larynx (voice box) which may make it difficult to breathe, and tetany, where the muscles involuntarily contract due to calcium imbalance. If left untreated calcium deficiency diseases can lead to long-term conditions such as rickets or osteoporosis which cause weak bones that break easily.

Prevention of Calcium Deficiency Disease

The most important way to prevent calcium deficiency disease is through a healthy diet. Eating foods that are rich in calcium, such as dairy products (milk, cheese, and yogurt) and dark green leafy vegetables, can help ensure adequate calcium intake.

Additionally, taking a daily multivitamin that contains at least 200–400 mg of elemental calcium can also be beneficial. In some cases, a doctor may suggest supplementing with additional calcium or vitamin D if dietary intake alone is not enough to meet daily requirements.

Additionally, getting plenty of exercise and avoiding smoking can help maintain strong bones which further reduces the risk of developing calcium deficiency disease. Overall, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating right and staying active in order to avoid developing any type of nutritional deficiency disorder.

Calcium Deficiency Disease(hypocalcemia)

Diagnosis of Calcium Deficiency Disease

The diagnosis of calcium deficiency disease depends on the severity and duration of symptoms, as well as a physical examination. Blood tests are used to measure the levels of calcium, phosphorus, and other minerals in the body.

A urine test is also conducted to check for abnormal levels of calcium in the urine. In addition to these tests, X-rays and bone density scans may be ordered to look for signs of bone loss or deformities.

Treatment is tailored to what kind of symptoms a person has, what caused their calcium deficiency disease, and how far along it has progressed. Generally speaking, treatment focuses on increasing calcium intake through diet and supplements while avoiding any activities that could deplete calcium stores further.

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Treatment of Calcium Deficiency Disease

Calcium deficiency disease, also known as hypocalcemia, is a condition in which the calcium levels in the blood are lower than normal. Treatment involves increasing dietary intake of calcium-rich foods such as dairy products, dark leafy greens, nuts and seeds, dried fruits, legumes, and fortified cereals or juices.

Calcium supplements may also be prescribed by your doctor to help maintain optimal levels of calcium in your body. Additionally, taking vitamin D supplements can help improve the absorption of calcium from the diet. Exercise and weight-bearing activities can also increase bone density and reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis due to long-term calcium deficiency.

In cases where there is significant damage to bones caused by a low-calcium diet, medications such as bisphosphonates may be prescribed by your doctor to help improve bone strength. In severe cases of hypocalcemia, intravenous injections of calcium may be necessary to prevent serious medical complications such as irregular heart rhythms or seizures.

With proper diagnosis and treatment, most cases of calcium deficiency disease can be managed effectively. It is important to speak with your healthcare provider for an individualized approach to managing your condition. Properly treating calcium deficiency disease can help improve overall health and quality of life.

Calcium Deficiency Disease(hypocalcemia)

FAQs

Who is at risk for Calcium deficiency disease?

A: People who have diets lacking in Calcium-rich foods are at greater risk for Calcium deficiency disease. Additionally, people with certain medical conditions or those taking certain medications which affect the body’s ability to absorb Calcium effectively may also be at risk.

How can I ensure that I’m getting enough calcium with my regular diet?

A: To ensure you’re getting enough calcium, it’s important to eat a balanced diet that includes foods rich in this essential mineral such as dairy products, green leafy vegetables, tofu, and nuts. Additionally, supplementing your diet with a daily multivitamin or calcium supplement may also help meet recommended intake levels.

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