Hair Loss

Alopecia Areata(Hair Loss): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Cure

What is Alopecia Areata(hair loss)?

Alopecia areata(hair loss) is an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss on the head and other sections of the body. In people with alopecia areata, the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss. Alopecia areata can affect people of all ages, but it most commonly occurs in people under the age of 30.

It can cause hair loss in patches on the scalp, or it can lead to complete baldness (Alopecia totalis). In some rare cases, it can cause the loss of all body hair (Alopecia Universalis). Alopecia areata is not contagious and it is not caused by poor hygiene or a lack of proper hair care.

The exact cause of alopecia areata is not known, but it is thought to be related to genetics and environmental factors. There is no cure for alopecia areata, but treatments such as topical or injected corticosteroids, minoxidil, and immune-suppressing medications can help to slow or stop hair loss.

Alopecia Areata(hair loss)

Who Gets Alopecia Areata(hair loss)?

Alopecia areata can affect people of all ages, genders, and ethnicities. It is estimated to affect approximately 2% of the population, with around 1.7% of the global population experiencing some form of hair loss due to alopecia areata.

Alopecia areata tends to run in families, so if you have a family member with the condition, you may be more likely to develop it yourself.

When does Alopecia Areata usually begin?

Alopecia areata(hair loss) can affect people of all ages, but it most commonly occurs in people under the age of 30. It can begin at any time, but it is more likely to occur in people who have a family history of the disorder. In some cases, alopecia areata may be triggered by a stressful event or a recent illness.

  Does Smoking Cause Hair Loss? You Should Know in (2022)

The hair loss associated with alopecia areata(hair loss) typically occurs in patches on the scalp, but it can also affect other areas of the body, such as the beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes.

Hair loss can occur suddenly and may be accompanied by other symptoms, such as itching or burning on the scalp. In some cases, the hair may regrow on its own, but it can also fall out again.

Types of Alopecia Areata(hair loss)

Here are some kinds of alopecia areata(hair loss), as well as:

Alopecia areata monolocularis

Alopecia areata monolocularis is the most common type of alopecia areata, characterized by a single patch of hair loss.

Alopecia areata multilocularis

Alopecia areata multilocularis is a type of alopecia areata is characterized by multiple patches of hair loss on the scalp and other parts of the body.

Alopecia totalis

Alopecia totalis is a type of alopecia areata(hair loss) that involves the complete loss of all hair on the scalp.

Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia Universalis is the most severe form of alopecia areata(hair loss), characterized by the complete loss of all hair on the scalp and body.

Ophiasis

Ophiasis is a type of alopecia areata(hair loss) that involves hair loss in a band-like pattern around the sides and back of the head.

Scarring alopecia

Scarring Alopecia is a type of alopecia areata that involves scarring of the scalp, which can lead to permanent hair loss.

What is the risk factor of Alopecia Areata(hair loss)?

There are several risk factors that may increase an individual’s risk of developing alopecia areata(hair loss), including:

Family history. Alopecia areata tends to run in families, so if you have a family member with the condition, you may be more likely to develop it yourself.

Age. Alopecia areata can affect people of all ages, but it is more common in people under the age of 30.

Other autoimmune disorders. Individuals with other autoimmune disorders, such as thyroid disease or vitiligo, may be more likely to develop alopecia areata.

Stress. Stress has been linked to the development of alopecia areata, although the exact relationship is not fully understood.

Other medical conditions. Some research has suggested that individuals with certain medical conditions, such as Down syndrome, may be more likely to develop alopecia areata.

  Hair loss on legs: Causes, Suggestions & Treatment in (2021)

Causes of Alopecia Areata(hair loss)

The exact cause of alopecia areata is not fully understood, but it is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. This means that the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss.
The immune system normally protects the body from infection and disease, but in people with alopecia areata, it mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, causing them to stop producing hair.

There may be several factors that contribute to the development of alopecia areata, including genetics, environmental factors, and other underlying health conditions. It is thought that a combination of these factors may play a role in the development of the condition.

Alopecia Areata(hair loss)

Symptoms of Alopecia Areata(hair loss)?

The most common symptom of alopecia areata is hair loss, which may occur on the scalp or other areas of the body. The hair loss may be sudden and patchy, and it may be accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • Itching or burning sensation on the scalp
  • Swelling or inflammation of the skin on the scalp
  • Visible hair loss on the scalp or other areas of the body
  • Nail changes, such as dents or ridges on the nails

Diagnosis of Alopecia Areata(hair loss)

The diagnosis of alopecia areata typically begins with a thorough medical history and physical examination. Your dermatologist will examine your scalp and hair for signs of hair loss and may also ask about any family history of the condition.

Your dermatologist may also perform a scalp biopsy, in which a small sample of skin is removed from the scalp and examined under a microscope. This can help to confirm the diagnosis of alopecia areata and rule out other potential causes of hair loss.

Other tests, such as a blood test, may be performed to check for underlying health conditions that may be contributing to hair loss.


Prevention of Alopecia Areata(hair loss)

There is currently no known way to prevent alopecia areata, as the exact cause of the condition is not fully understood. However, there are some things that may help to reduce the risk of developing alopecia areata or limit the severity of the condition, including:

  Diabetes Hair Loss: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment options, FAQs

Reducing stress. Managing stress through techniques such as meditation, yoga, or exercise may help to reduce the risk of developing alopecia areata.

Eating a healthy diet. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and other nutrients may help to support healthy hair growth and reduce the risk of developing alopecia areata.

Avoiding harsh hair treatments. Using harsh hair treatments, such as hot rollers or tight ponytails, may damage the hair and increase the risk of hair loss.

Protecting the hair and scalp. Wearing a hat or other protective headwear when out in the sun or in harsh weather conditions may help to protect the hair and scalp.

Treatment of Alopecia Areata(hair loss)

The treatment of alopecia areata will depend on the severity of the condition and the individual’s specific needs and preferences. Some common treatment options for alopecia areata include:

Topical medications. Topical corticosteroids can be applied to the scalp to help stimulate hair growth and reduce inflammation.

Oral medications. Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, can be taken orally to help stimulate hair growth and reduce inflammation.

Light therapy. Phototherapy, or light therapy, may be used to help stimulate hair growth.

Immunotherapy. This type of treatment involves applying a substance to the scalp that helps to stimulate the immune system and promote hair growth.

Hair transplantation. In some cases, hair transplantation may be an option for individuals with severe alopecia areata.

Alopecia Areata Home Care(hair loss)

If you are living with alopecia areata, there are some things you can do at home to help manage the condition and promote hair growth:

Use a gentle shampoo. Choose a gentle shampoo that does not contain harsh chemicals, as these can be irritating to the scalp and may contribute to hair loss.

Practice stress-reducing techniques. Reducing stress through techniques such as meditation, yoga, or exercise may help to improve hair growth.

Eat a healthy diet. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and other nutrients may help to support healthy hair growth and reduce the risk of further hair loss.

Most famous Articles

Does Smoking Cause Hair Loss? You Should Know in (2022)

Diabetes Hair Loss: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Options, FAQs

Hair loss on legs: Causes, Suggestions & Treatment in (2021)

Subscribe Our Newsletter

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *